Understanding the CRM

Just as the name says, HubSpot’s CRM is a system for managing customer relationships and storing data. Whether you’re here to learn how the HubSpot CRM works or getting ready to integrate it with another system, you’re in the right place. Keep reading for a breakdown of CRM object types, properties, owners, capabilities, relationships, associations, engagements, unique identifiers, and more. 

Object types

The CRM API provides access to CRM objects or groups of objects, which are represented as a map of property names to values. 

  • Contacts: Contacts store information about an individual person. From marketing automation to smart site content, the lead-specific data found in contact records can help you leverage much of HubSpot's functionality. View contacts endpoints 
  • Companies: Company records store information about an individual business or organization. Multiple contacts can be associated with a company to represent its organizational makeup. View companies endpoints 
  • Deals: Deals represent revenue opportunities with a contact or company. They’re tracked through pipeline stages, eventually resulting in the deal being won or lost. View deals endpoints
  • Tickets: Tickets represent customer requests for help or support. View tickets endpoints 
  • Products: Products represent goods or services for sale. Building a product library allows you to quickly add products to deals, generate quotes, and report on product performance. View products endpoints
  • Line items: Line items can be thought of as a subset of products. When a product is attached to a deal, it becomes a line item. You can create line items that are unique to an individual quote, but they will not be added to your product library. View line items endpoints.
  • Custom Objects: Custom objects allow you to store any type of data in HubSpot—particularly data that doesn't fit the standard objects listed above. Custom objects are created via the custom object endpoints and can be associated with standard objects. View custom object endpoints


Object properties

Detailed information (metadata) for HubSpot’s CRM objects is stored in properties, which are then organized into groups. In addition to each object’s default properties, you can store custom data by creating custom properties

Default properties

CRM objects are defined by a primary type and a set of properties. Each type has a unique set of standard properties, represented by a map of name-value pairs. 

Learn more about default properties for different objects:

Custom properties

Create custom properties to store specialized information for an object. Custom properties can be managed through the CRM object properties endpoints.

Property groups

Property groups are used to group related properties. When viewing records in HubSpot, any grouped properties will appear next to each other. If your integration creates any custom object properties, organizing them in a custom property group will make it easy to identify that data.

Clearing properties

You can clear an object property value via the API by setting the property value to an empty string.

Example: To clear the firstname from a contact object, send a PATCH request to https://api.hubapi.com/crm/v3/objects/contacts/{contactId} with the body { "properties": { "firstname": ""} }.


Object owners

You can assign owners to contacts, companies, deals, or tickets. Any HubSpot user with access to contacts can be assigned as an owner, and multiple owners can be assigned to an object by creating a custom property for this purpose. Owners can only be created in HubSpot, but you can use the owners endpoint to get their identifying details, including IDs and email addresses. This data can then be assigned to CRM records in HubSpot or via property change API calls. 


Object capabilities

CRM Object Create a view of this object Report on this object Automate this object Create lists of this object Create lists of contacts using this object's information Use properties of this object in emails Can have custom properties
crm_object(s) usage
Contact x x x x x x x x
Company x x x   x x x x
Deal x x x   x x x x
Ticket x x x   x   x x
Line Item   x     x x x x
Product             x x
Quote     x          
Engagement/Task x x     x      
Timeline Event         x   x  
Analytics Event         x      
Custom Object x x x   x x x x


Object relationships

This entity relationship diagram (ERD) illustrates the organization of and relationships between CRM objects.


Object associations

Associations represent the relationships between objects (see above). You can manage associations using the associations endpoints.


Object engagements

Engagements store data from 1:1 interactions between contacts and your company, including notes, tasks, meetings, and calls. At a minimum, engagements should be associated with at least one contact record; you can also associate them with deals, tickets, and companies.

Data syncing

Syncing engagement data is not required to sync object data. It’s usually easier to sync property data (such as date of last contact or number of calls to a contact) than the engagement behind it. Because an object can be associated with numerous engagements, it’s also important to keep API limits in mind before syncing.


  • General: When an integration is a precursor to a full migration, you’ll want to sync engagements across both systems to ensure all users have the data they need during the transition.
  • Example use case: When a business development team working in HubSpot is handing deals to an inside sales rep working in another CRM, you should sync engagements so both teams have the context they need to close a sale.


Batch actions

Each object provides batch endpoints that let you create, read, update, and archive multiple object records in a single request. Batch endpoints have a limit of 100 records per call except for creating and updating contacts, which are limited to 10 records per call. 


Unique identifiers and object IDs

A unique identifier is a value that differentiates one record in a database from another, even if they have otherwise identical information. For example, a database for a bank might have records for two people named John Smith.  To avoid accidentally sending money to the wrong John Smith, each record is given a number as their unique ID. 

HubSpot’s default unique identifiers

When an object record is created in HubSpot, a unique object ID is automatically generated. This ID looks like an incrementing number, though it should be treated as a string. Note: These IDs are unique only within the object type, so there can be both a contact and company with the same ID. 

Creating your own unique identifiers

In many cases, you can use the object ID generated by HubSpot to drive the logic of your integration. However, there are times when that isn't possible or it complicates the integration logic of your app.

Example use cases:

  • A legacy CRM can't store HubSpot's object ID with the associated record, making it impossible to match corresponding records in the two systems.
  • An integration is syncing updates from another app to HubSpot, but not from HubSpot to the other app. Instead of mapping IDs from both systems, the integration simply uses the external app's IDs when creating or updating records. 

There are two steps for creating and using your own unique ID field.

1. Create your unique ID field via the Properties API.  Your API call might look something like this:

//POST https://api.hubapi.com/crm/v3/properties/deals
  "groupName": "dealinformation",
  "hidden": false,
  "displayOrder": 2,
  "label": "Unique ID for System A",
  "hasUniqueValue": true,
  "type": "string",
  "fieldType": "string"

The key field to set is the hasUniqueValue. This tells HubSpot to make sure that any objects (in this case, deals) created in the future will never have the same value for this property. Note: This field cannot be changed, so we recommend you exercise caution when using it. 

2. Once you've created your unique ID field, you can use it in an API call to get specific records. That call might look like this:

GET https://api.hubapi.com/crm/v3/objects/deals/abc?idProperty=system_a_unique

This will return the deal with the value of abc in the system_a_unique field. You never have to know that HubSpot assigned this deal an object ID of 263782, though this will be included in the response by default. 

Note: You can have two unique ID fields for any account-specific custom objects and 10 for standard objects. Contacts cannot have custom defined idProperties, you can use email as the idProperty parameter for calls to the contacts API. 

Deduplicating records

Object IDs are one of several ways HubSpot deduplicates object records in the CRM. This knowledge base article provides more information about both automatic and manual deduplication methods.


An email address is the primary identifier for a contact in HubSpot. The contacts endpoints automatically de-duplicate email addresses to keep HubSpot data clean.



Still have questions about CRM objects? Check out this FAQ.

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